The Global Peace Index 2017 ranks Mauritius as the most peaceful and safest country in sub-Saharan Africa. The study carried out by the Australian Institute for Economy and Peace ranks Mauritius as the 22nd most peaceful country in the world.
This is the eleventh edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI), which ranks 163 independent states and territories according to their level of peacefulness. The GPI covers 99.7 per cent of the world’s population, using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources and measures the state of peace using three thematic domains: the level of Societal Safety and Security; the extent of Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict; and the degree of Militarisation.
The report shows that 93 countries became more peaceful, while in 68 other countries peace has deteriorated. Iceland maintained its position as the most peaceful country in the world in the 2017 GPI, a position it has held since 2008. It was also ranked as the most peaceful country on two of the three domains namely: Societal Safety and Security and Militarisation. The other top four most peaceful countries are New Zealand, Portugal, Austria and Denmark.
Sirya remains the world’s least peaceful country for the second successive year followed by Afghanistan, Iraq, South Sudan, and Yemen.
Looking at sub-Saharan Africa, Mauritius was ranked at the top and gains one place globally compared to last year. Botswana follows Mauritius to claim the number two spot. These two countries fare the best with regard to the indicators in this region. They have not experienced tensions with neighboring countries, nor have they been involved in domestic or international conflicts recently. Sub-Saharan Africa’s average score has deteriorated again this year. However, its global position in the GPI—where it is ranked ahead of Russia and Eurasia, South Asia, and MENA— remains unchanged.